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How do I adjust the volume on the S190 Gateway?
First check the manual (you can download from the PDF page) to understand how to program it.

Then, to adjust the speaker volume level:
Command: **11# [level] # [select a level from 0 to 100] (default value is 90)

Microphone gain level command: **12# [channel] # [gainlevel] #
[channel] 0 - Main Microphone - [gainlevel] int: 0 – 15 (in increments of 1.5dB)
0 0dB
1 +1.5dB
2 +3.0 dB
3 +4.5 dB(Factory Default)
4 +6.0 dB
5 +7.5 dB
6 +9.0 dB
7 +10.5 dB
8 +12.0 dB
9 +13.5 dB
10 +15.0 dB
11 +16.5 dB
12 +18.0 dB
13 +19.5 dB
14 +21.0 dB
15 +22.5 dB

Will the GSM Gateway work on all carriers (Telstra, Optus etc)?
Only if the frequency is "standard" but there appears no standard any more. Australian standard GSM frequency was (for voice) always 900MHz and the S109 works well on that frequency. However, there is another major frequency used for GSM and that is 1800MHz, used when the traffic is heavy to avoid congestion (but not directly accessible). This has now often moved to 21000 as the carriers go to the lowest cost to deploy.

The next frequency of importance in Australia was 850MHz for Next-G, but that was usually only used for data and not voice and, the S190 GSM Gateway also operates on that frequency (just in case Telstra decides to use it for Voice), meaning if voice is used over the S190 Gateway at any of the three frequencies (850, 900 or 1900MHz), then it will operate in those bands. Unfortunately nothing is for sure at time of uploading thisinformation, it is best to ask your carrier to be sure. Meanwhile, FYI we will elaborate but consider this page as "Work in progress" because frequencies adopted by different carriers has changed a lot recently and we predict they may continue to change.

Other (not used by S190) frequency:
At the time of creating this FAQ there is another frequency of 2100MHz used by '3' which is based on Hutchinson's UK system and is not the Australian standard (900MHz) and was designed for data, but also used for voice. While 2100MHz will not carry as far as a lower frequency, in populated areas this is not important because, there are usually plenty of towers in populated areas, so it is not a negative for most people. Unfortunately the S190 was not designed for the Hutchinson frequency of 2100MHz, so you will need to purchase a Gateway from '3' to use their system.

At time of creating this FAQ we have been advised that yet another frequency might be introduced by Optus (2200MHz) but we have no official confirmation on this.

As you can see, deregulation might make the industry competitive, but it can introduce inconvenient non-standard issues that may often cost us more than we save.


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Open the "style.css" file with Notepad or any text editor and find the section "FAQ PAGE". Edit the css class ".faq-box" for this answer area by editing the padding. You can optionally add a border to this area.

How do I change the FAQ page colors?
The colors for the FAQ section are using the same code as the text for all other pages. The code for the text will be the "div, table" class in your CSS file. Link colors are defined by the "link" classes near the top of your CSS file. See the template colors support page for more help with changing template colors.

Can I add an image or video in an FAQ answer?
Yes, you can add images in an answer, or a video or a Flash animation object. Keep in mind that although the FAQ answers are hidden, they do still load when the FAQ page loads and can slow down the page if you add too many videos or larger sized images in an answer area.


Can I add links in the FAQ answers?
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How much text can I include with each answer?
For each FAQ answer you can include as much or as little text as you would like. The answer area will expand to fit the text.

How does the FAQ page work?
This page uses css to hide each answer area and a Javascript to dynamically change the css and open the answer area once the link is clicked on.

How many questions can I add to this page?
You can add 100 questions to this page. If you need to add more, edit the script limitation of 100 in the "faq-script.js" in two places.

Where is the template help page?
The help page included in this template download is located in your main template folder and is named help.html.